文章摘要
徐楠楠,林大松,徐应明,谢忠雷,梁学峰,郭文娟.玉米秸秆生物炭对Cd2+的吸附特性及影响因素[J].农业环境科学学报,2014,33(5):958-964.
玉米秸秆生物炭对Cd2+的吸附特性及影响因素
Adsorption of Aquatic Cd2+ by Biochar Obtained from Corn Stover
  
DOI:10.11654/jaes.2014.05.019
中文关键词: 生物炭    吸附  吸附动力学  影响因素
英文关键词: biochar  aquatic Cd2+  adsorption  adsorption characteristics  influencing factors
基金项目:
作者单位
徐楠楠 吉林大学环境与资源学院 长春 130012农业部环境保护科研监测所 农业部产地环境质量重点实验室/天津市农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室 天津 300191 
林大松 农业部环境保护科研监测所 农业部产地环境质量重点实验室/天津市农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室 天津 300191 
徐应明 农业部环境保护科研监测所 农业部产地环境质量重点实验室/天津市农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室 天津 300191 
谢忠雷 吉林大学环境与资源学院 长春 130012 
梁学峰 农业部环境保护科研监测所 农业部产地环境质量重点实验室/天津市农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室 天津 300191 
郭文娟 农业部环境保护科研监测所 农业部产地环境质量重点实验室/天津市农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室 天津 300191 
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中文摘要:
      以玉米秸秆生物炭为实验材料,研究了生物炭吸附重金属Cd2+的性能,分析了吸附温度、吸附时间、初始pH值以及生物炭粒径对吸附的影响,并对吸附前后生物炭样品进行傅里叶变换红外光谱分析(FITR)、X-射线衍射(XRD)和X-射线光电子能谱(XPS)表征以分析吸附机理。结果表明:玉米秸秆生物炭对Cd2+的吸附可用Langmuir等温方程较好地拟合,在不同温度下其饱和吸附量分别为18.49 mg·g-1(288.15 K)、23.51 mg·g-1(298.15 K)、23.59 mg·g-1(308.15 K)和24.43 mg·g-1(318.15 K),吸附动力学过程可以由准二级动力学方程很好地拟合,约40 min即达平衡,pH值为5时吸附量最大,生物炭粒径对吸附无明显影响。结构表征表明,生物炭对Cd2+的吸附机理主要为表面羟基(-C-OH)和羰基(-C=O)与Cd2+发生络合化学反应作用。
英文摘要:
      Biochar has large surface and may be used to adsorb heavy metals from water. A lab experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of time, temperature(288.15~318.15 K), solution pH, and biochar particle size on adsorption of aquatic Cd2+ by biochar. The surface characteristics of biochar before and after Cd2+ adsorption were examined using X-ray diffraction analysis(XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FTIR) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy(XPS). The results showed that the equilibrium adsorption was better fit by Langmuir model than Freundlich model. The maximum adsorption capacity of the biochar for Cd2+ at different temperatures was 18.49 mg·g-1(288.15 K), 23.51 mg·g-1(298.15 K), 23.59 mg·g-1(308.15 K) and 24.43 mg·g-1(318.15 K), respectively. The adsorption kinetics could be well described by pseudo-second order kinetics model. The adsorption process was quick and the equilibrium was attained within 40 minutes. The optimum adsorption pH value was 5.0. The particle size of biochar had no significant effects on Cd2+ adsorption. The biochar adsorbed Cd2+ mainly via Cd2+ chelation with hydroxyl(-C-OH) and carbonyl(-C=O) as confirmed by XRD, FTIR and XPS.
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